DEPRESSÃO; COVID-19; TRANSTORNOS RELACIONADOS A TRAUMA E FATORES DE ESTRESSE; SAÚDE PÚBLICA
LIN, Chung-Yi; LIN, Ying-Li. Anxiety and depression of general population in the early phase of COVID-19 pandemic: A systematic review of cross-sectional studies. Archives of Clinical Psychiatry, São Paulo, [online], v. 47, n. 6, p. 199-208, nov./dez. 2020. Disponível em Scielo
Background: The rapid outbreak of COVID-19 pandemic promptly changed people’s daily lives, influenced human interactions and economic activities and induced mental reactions. Objective: This review synthesized the evidence of correlation between demographic factors, social media exposure, stressors and anxiety and depression status in the early phase of COVID-19. Method: A systematically search included observational studies published before May15, 2020. We selected studies designed with valid measuring instruments of anxiety and depression. Result: 20 articles were included (19 cross-sectional) for review. People who were divorced/widowed, with poor self-rated health status, chronic illness and previous psychiatric illness had higher anxiety and depression prevalence. Higher COVID-19 awareness (including COVID-19 knowledge and precautionary measure) decreased anxiety and depression. The protective measures to reduce anxiety and depression levels included avoiding sharing meals, frequently washing hands and wearing mask. Economic loss, academic delay, influence of daily life, worrying and symptoms related to infection were stressors of anxiety and depression. There were lots of inconsistent results due to convenience sampling and diverse measuring instrument. Conclusion: Our review suggested that reliable information from health authorities, enhancing health literacies and prevention measures of general population can reduce anxiety and depression levels.