SOUZA, Carlos Dornels Freire de; PAIVA, João Paulo Silva de; LEAL, Thiago Cavalcanti; URASHIMA, Gabriel da Silva. Leprosy in Brazil in the 21st century: analysis of epidemiological and operational indicators using inflection point regression. Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia, Rio de Janeiro, v. 95, n. 6, p. 743-747, nov./dez. 2021. Disponível em Scielo

The objective of this study was to analyze the trend of epidemiological and operational indicators of leprosy in Brazil, from 2001 to 2017. This was a time series study involving nine indicators. The inflection point regression model was used. Decreasing trends were observed for the following: general detection (−4.8%), children under 15 (−3.7%), prevalence (−7.0%), and grade 2/million inhabitants (−3.5%). The proportion of individuals with grade 2 disability showed an upward trend (2.0%) from 2001 as well as contacts examined from 2003 (5.0%). The proportions of cure and of individuals with a degree of disability assessed at the time of the diagnosis and the cure showed a stationary behavior. Although advances are noted, there are still challenges to be overcome.